Aktuelle Abstracts 09.10.2001

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001 Aug 1;164(3):358-64

Lower respiratory illnesses promote FEV(1) decline in current smokers but not ex-smokers with mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: results from the lung health study.

Kanner RE, Anthonisen NR, Connett JE
University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA.

We analyzed Lung Health Study (LHS) data to assess the effect of self-reported lower respiratory illnesses resulting in physician visits (LRI) on lung function. Participants were 5,887 smokers aged 35-60 yr, FEV(1)/FVC < 0.70 and FEV(1) of 55-90% predicted. Two-thirds were randomized into an intensive smoking cessation program (SI); one-third were advised only to stop smoking (UC). For 5 yr participants had annual spirometry and questioning regarding LRI. SI had greater rates of smoking cessation than usual care (UC) with fewer LRI (p = 0.0008). Sustained quitters had fewer LRI than continuing smokers (p = 0.0003). In the year LRI occurred, FEV(1) did not change in sustained quitters, but decreased significantly in smokers (p = 0.0001) with some recovery the following year if no LRI occurred. Over 5 yr, LRI had a significant effect on rate of decline of FEV(1) only in smokers. In smokers averaging one LRI/yr over 5 yr there were additional declines in FEV(1) of 7 ml /yr (p = 0.001). Smokers with more than one LRI/yr had greater declines. Chronic bronchitis was associated with increased frequencies of LRI, but did not affect their influence on lung function. Smoking and LRI had an interactive effect on FEV(1) in people with mild COPD, and in smokers frequent LRI may influence the long-term course of the disease.

PMID: 11500333, UI: 21391520

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001 Aug 1;164(3):339-40

End-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the cigarette is burned out but inflammation rages on.

Shapiro SD
Publication Types:

Comment PMID: 11500330, UI: 21391517

Respir Med 2001 Sep;95(9):744-52

Prevalence of obstructive lung diseases and respiratory symptoms in relation to living environment and socio-economic group.

Montnemery P, Bengtsson P, Elliot A, Lindholm LH, Nyberg P, Lofdahl CG
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Lund University, Sweden.

We wanted to test whether living environment, occupation and social position are risk factors for asthma and chronic bronchitis/emphysema (CBE). The prevalence of bronchial asthma, CBE, respiratory symptoms and smoking habits in a random sample of 12,071 adults aged 20-59 years was assessed in a postal survey with a slightly modified questionnaire previously used in central and northern Sweden (The OLIN studies). Occupation was coded according to a socio-economic classification system. Six different living environment areas were defined; city-countryside, seaside-not seaside and living close to heavy traffic-not living close to heavy traffic. Multiple logistic regression analysis (forward conditional) was applied to estimate the association between the proposed set of risk factors and self-reported obstructive lung diseases and lower respiratory symptoms controlling for age, gender and smoking. After two reminders, the response rate was 70.1% (n=8469); 33.8% of the responders were smokers. In all, 469 subjects (5.5%) stated that they had asthma and 4.6% reported CBE. Besides smoking, which was a risk for both asthma and CBE, there were different risk patterns for self-reported asthma and CBE. In the economically active population there was a tendency that CBE was more common among 'unskilled and semi-skilled workers'. This fact was further emphasized when the population was merged into the two groups 'low social position' and 'middle/high social position', with 'low social position' as a risk for CBE (OR=1.35, 95% CI=1.06-1.72). No social risk factors were identified for asthma. Living close to heavy traffic was a risk factor for asthma (OR=1.29, 95% CI=1.02-1.62) but not for CBE. Apart from this no living environmental risk factors for obstructive pulmonary diseases were identified. Asthma symptoms and long-standing cough were more common among those subjects living close to heavy traffic compared to those not living close to heavy traffic. To conclude, low social position was a risk factor for CBE and living close to heavy traffic was a risk factor for asthma.

PMID: 11575896, UI: 21459717

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